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Église Saint Quiriace (The Saint Quiriace Church)

According to the first official text "the Privilege of Richer", gone back to 1062, the Count Eudes has created the "Collegiale Saint Quiriace" between 1019 and 1032.

When "Henri le Liberal" became the Count, in 1157, in order to the religious canons of Saint Quiriace, the church was too small and presented disadvantages.

In 1161, "Henri le Liberal" multiplies his gifts. In 1176, he exempted them tax and granted them the collect of taxes, the grounds, the whole villages, the serfs... The works of the new building was carried out quickly until the main pillar which has separated the sanctuary from the choir.
The choir was set up, its width is proportional to the number of canons envisaged, who should have been of one hundred, but it was never true... they were only forty.
The death of Henri le Liberal would occur in 1181. The started parts were finished and the choir being sheltered, so the funeral were celebrated there.


The Choir of Saint Quiriace Church

It is a single case of ambulatory in square but of choir in hemicycle, which brought complications in the ordinance of the vaults.
According to the method of construction, the pillar are assembled on the level of the departure of the vaults and one proceeds then to the installation of the wood frame, in order to protect the very slow vaults to dry which are installed then.
The vault of the choir, "octopartite ribbed vault", is installed. This shape of vault only exists in the surroundings, in "Voulton" and "Ferrière-en-Brie" villages.
The tribune which runs around the choir and of the sanctuary was open on the roofs. 


Vault of the sanctuary


Tribune - Chorus of the church


The walls of the transept will be assembled. According to practices' of the manufacturers, one will start at the same time, the bell-tower-porch with the place of the cloister.
It was planned for this imposing imagined nave, a length of 8 spans, but 6 were never born. 
On the 16th century, one would be solved to close the nave definitively, by installing a frontage which will poverty complete work undertaken. This pinion would be decorated with carved stones and an immense window which would be open in the tympanum where a statue would be installed. The nave will be covered with slate. A statue of Saint Helene will crown this pinion. 



External sight of the southern transept 


Ambulatory

 

In 1625, by precaution,  the two immense windows would be walled on the frontage (current state).
In 1662, the high parts were burnt down to the ground because of a workman. 
Work of restoration was undertaken straightaway and have been continued two years. All was remake like before the fire, except the great intersecting of ogive arches which would be replaced by a slate covered dome according to the fashion in vogue.
 

 

From 1760, a large work campaign would kept up this church to the times without being a fortunate restoration. Indeed, the ground made unequal, because of tombs, levelled and tiled, the old stained glasses considered to be too dark would be destroyed to gain a brightest light.
The altar and the stalls of style Louis XV would be installed to replace those of the Middle-Ages considered to be too decayed.
In 1773, the dome falling into ruin was restored. 
With the French Revolution, it would be the death of this collegial.
In 1836, the dome and the lantern requiring a rebuilding, they would be restored made out zinc.

 


Altar and stalls Louis XV

 

The current dome was restored in the Fifties, made out zinc, after the friendship bombardments during the release of Provins.

From the books: "Provins, les monuments religieux" / Marquise de Maillé; Chartres: Jacques Laget: Librairie des arts et métiers, 1975.

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